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Security systems of public corporations of territorial

Security systems of public corporations of territorial

Hana Urbančoková | 1. 12. 2013 0:00:00
Zařazení: Bezpečnost|Vědecká stať|Číslo 2/2013

Hana Urbančoková, Milan Adámek

Tomas Bata University in Zlin
Faculty of Applied Informatics
Nad Stráněmi 4511, 76005 Zlín
Czech Republic
urbancokova@fai.utb.cz, adamek@fai.utb.cz

Abstract: The article deals with the possibilities of securing buildings of public corporations of territorial self-governments. The aim of article is to show the importance of these objects and then analyze the basic aspects of physical security in the scope of the characteristic properties of objects of territorial self-governments.

Keywords: security alarm system, security, territorial self-government

1 Introduction

In the Czech Republic the power of state is divided between the different local self-government units. Each of these self-government units manages its own affairs, has its assets, manages the budget and is authorized to issue its own legislation as regulation of the village, generally binding regulations and measures. Since the local government decides on its own territory it is important to pay a greater attention to the security of objects in which the territorial self-government authorities are placed. In these objects there may be present documents and information of the territorial unit, where some of the materials may be included among the classified information. Other assets which are found in such objects and it is important to protect them are for example databases of inhabitants with their personal data or even aself-government property.

2 The legislative scope

In the Czech Republic the management of the State is entrusted by a public authority whose activity is related to the providing of public services, management of public affairs and not just at the central level but also at the local level. Public administration can be divided into state and local governments (See Fig.1) and their main goal is to ensure the management of the State with regard to the public interests. [1]

Fig. SEQ Obr. \* ARABIC 1 Dividing of public administration [1], modified by Urbančoková, 2013

Mentions about public administration can be found in Act No. 1/1993. The Constitution of the Czech Republic, which describes the basic characteristics of territorial self-governing unit, generally defines its powers and determines who decides in matters relating to the territorial self-government. The result of this legal regulation is that the region can interfere to the matters of local self-government, because it is larger local government unit. Even the state can interfere to the matters of local self-government, but only in cases where the conditions are exactly specified by law. [2]

Another important legal regulation is the Act No. 128/2000 about municipalities (general establishment). It gives us an overall picture of the rights and obligations of municipalities against the State, the given territory and all of the inhabitants in this territory. Generally edits the terms of implementation of scope municipalities and also extended competence granted to them by the State by law. [3]

On the basis of extended competence we distinguish three levels of municipalities. At the first level of municipalities are all of the municipalities of the Czech Republic and there are around 6250 of them. At the second level are the municipalities with the responsible municipal office and there are around 338 of them and at the last level (the third level) there are municipalities with extended powers, there are 205 in these days.

The regions have similar status as municipalities and their powers, duties and functions of organs of county were announced by Act No. 129/2000, about counties (regional establishment). Like municipalities also counties carry out independent and transferred competence. Within the executive of the state administration the county has the power to order and interfere to the performance of municipalities with extended powers, which lie on the territory of the county. [4]

Another independent law, which is necessary to mention within the dividing of the state administration, is Act No. 131/2000, about the capital Prague, which regulates the status of the capital not only as a region, but also as the municipality. The complete division of the Czech Republic territory to the counties and districts can be found in Act No. 36/1960, about a territorial division of the country.

3 The basic aspects of physical security

Security of objects of public-law corporates of territorial self-government units depend on the quality of interconnection classic, physical and technical protection and the correct determination of bonds between all used elements. Good interconnectivity and mutual refilling of all the components will allow us to create quality security alarm system providing effective protection of the object.

The basis of security alarm system is a classic protection, which cannot be ignored by any object. Implementation of the entire security is determined by the quality and functionality of the classic protection. The protection is focused primarily on the perimeter and facade protection such as walls, fences, gate, bars, doors, locks and other security entrance and locking systems. Classic elements of subject protection are safes, safety cabinets, cash box or portable containers and bags.

The other type of protection that cannot be omitted is regime protection. In practice it is realized as a set of directives, which regulate entry, exit and movement of staff and visitors in object, handling of protected interests such as articles, information or other value, or brought in and out of various objects. At the objects of corporates of self-government units we have to consider a larger number of unknown persons who have come into the building to deal with their matters. It is therefore necessary to define precisely the operational period of the object and premises where the unknown person may freely move or premises where employees have access only. Restricted spaces should be marked.

Physical protection is carried by people in positions of janitor or municipal police. It is possible to not implement physical protection within the security system. It is important to think twice about if the omission of physical protection was due to the redundancy of this type of protection for this object or it was too expensive. Not every object requires the presence of porter or officer. In many cases it is enough the combination of classic and regular and technical protection, where technical protection elements are connected to a console of centralized protection of one of the security agencies. However, thought out combination of physical protection with other available means is possible to achieve high efficiency of protection with optimal financial cost. By objects of local self-government units, we may include physical protection within the security of county authorities and municipalities. This protection can also be implemented in larger county council, but in the case of small municipal authority it is unnecessary.

The last part of the security system is the technical protection, which comprises a perimeter, facades, spatial, subject and key protection. This is a detection system ensuring and communicating information about the physical or other variables, which record and evaluate the technical devices of protection in the protected space. This is mainly a deterrent effect on potential offenders. It is important to process quality plan of facade protection of self-government buildings in order to indicate a breach in the shortest time. The location of elements of the spatial protection depends on the size and importance of the object. For all types of objects of self-governments would be appropriate to protect central points and for other it is important to think about protection in relation to their functions. If, for an example there is classified information in the room, the protection of this room has to be in compliance with the requirements of Act No. 412/2005, which is about the protection of classified information and security eligibility. The importance of subject protection of objects of self-governments is relevant perhaps only within of the protection of safes. Even security of safes is necessary only in case that their content is very important or it has agreat value and the other protections are not considered as sufficient. The use of further technical protection is individual and depends on the importance of the object and finances, which are designed to ensure. [5]

In the context with the application of security alarm systems it is appropriate to think about the possible integration of different types of alarm systems, which are amodern way within the protection as CCTV, access control, emergency systems, and system calling for help. These applications can be integrated with each other or supplemented by non-alarm systems (control of lighting, heating, air-conditioning, ventilation, etc.), so we can ensure simplification of automation processes in facilities. [6]

Reliability of alarm systems depends also on the quality of the processed proposal and project documentation. In accordance with the standard splitting of project documentation for alarm applications for construction project management, execution project and project the actual building construction, it is necessary to build upon the requirement of relevant legislation on the content and scope of project documentation. It should be based on the relevant legislation. This content is provided by Decree No. 499/2006, about documentation of structures. Specific requirements for the contents of the project in terms of security alarm systems are shown in TNI 33 4591-1. Comments to ČSN CLC/TS 50131-7. [7]

4 Characteristic properties of objects of territorial self-government

The main office of the county offices and municipalities are publicly accessible buildings. In this type of objects we can consider the control of the movement of the public in the inner areas as almost impossible, because every day there is too many people in the office. In the case of objects belonging to the self-government where classified information is stored the solution is that the public is not allowed in these areas and employees are strictly monitored.

Each location of the county Office or the municipal council is unique; however, we can observe some characteristic features. On this basis it is possible to create rules for the creation of safety proposal. One of the examples is the fact that the most of the office buildings are attached to the other building by at least one wall. In such cases, it is important to find what is on the other side of the wall, if there someone will be working with some device that can negatively affect the functionality of the individual components of security alarm system or if there is another danger. If there are processed aspecific rules of procedures for the creation of the security proposal so work of the planners will be facilitated and implementation of alarm system in similar objects can be more effective.

Fig. SEQ Obr. \* ARABIC 2 Statistical evaluation of objects of self-governing territorial units

The authors developed an analysis that finds that in 40 objects of public-law corporates territorial self-government type of the municipal authority the most of objects has at least 3 floors, there are another organizations inthese buildings, these buildings were built in the 19th century and have at least one wall shared with another building (See Fig.2). However, frequently, there are also objects that serve strictly as a residence office of self-government and these buildings were built in the 20th and 21th century. From the analysis is possible to find out, for example, that few buildings serving as the residence office of self-government, has a historical character, it means that the buildings were built before the 19th century. Within the processing of data for analysis purposes it was also found out that the main objects of self-government offices are mostly located in the heart of the city or in its immediate vicinity. Objects of self-government of minor importance, however, can be placed in the wider neighborhood of the center, or in outlying areas of the city.

5 Conclusion

When creating the alarm security system for objects of territorial self-governing public-law corporate units it must be taken into consideration the restrictions that are not in the most of private objects. Objects of self-governments are publicly accessible buildings where everyday is a large number of strangers. In these buildings can be classified information and the most important and the most secure assets are documents and information stored in electronic form. The security system is necessary designed to properly protect the assets but this system cannot restrict the normal operation of the object or invade privacy of employees and visitors.

References:

[1] INSTITUT PRO VEŘEJNOU SPRÁVU. Veřejná správa: stručný průvodce přednáškou [studijní pomůcky pro obecnou část ZOZ]. Praha, 2011. Dostupné z: http://www.institutpraha.cz/vzdelavani/studijni-pomucky-pro-obecnou-cast-ZOZ
[2] Česká republika. Zákon č. 1 ze dne 16. prosince 1992 Ústava České republiky. In: Sbírka zákonů České republiky. 1993, částka 1, s. 001. Dostupné z: http://www.zakonyprolidi.cz/cs/1993-1
[3] Česká republika. Zákon č. 128 ze dne 12. dubna 2000 o obcích (obecní zřízení). In: Sbírka zákonů České republiky. 2000, částka 38, s. 1737. Dostupné z: http://www.zakonyprolidi.cz/cs/2000-128
[4] Česká republika. Zákon č. 129 ze dne 12. dubna 2000 o krajích (krajské zřízení). In: Sbírka zákonů České republiky. 2000, částka 38, s. 1765. Dostupné z: http://www.zakonyprolidi.cz/cs/2000-129
[5] UHLÁŘ, J. Technická ochrana objektů. II. díl, Elektrické zabezpečovací systémy. 1. vyd. Praha: Policejní akademie České republiky, 2005. 230 s. ISBN 80-7251-189-0.
[6] VALOUCH, Jan. Integrated Alarm Systems. In Computer Applications for Software Engineering, Disaster Recovery, and Business Continuity. Series: Communications in Computer and Information Science, Vol. 340, 2012, XVIII. Berlin: Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2012. Chapter, p. 369 -379. ISBN 978-3-642-35267-9.
[7] VALOUCH, Jan. Poplachové zabezpečovací systémy- projektová dokumentace. In iDB Journal. Vyd. č. 3/2012. Bratislava: HMH, 2012, s. 22- 24. ISSN 1338-3337.


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